I visited Amakusa, Nagasaki in Kyusyu prefecture.
It took us about 3hours from Osaka to Kumamoto in Kyusyu prefecture by Shinkansen train and from there we drove a rental car to Hakata.
At Amakusa in Kumamoto district
About 200 wild dolphins are living at the entrance of the Shimabara bay . Fishing boats had us taken in the offing to see wild dolphins. They closed to our boat.
|Around Amakusa and the mountain over the Simabara bay is Mt.Unzen-Fugendake erupted|
about 20 years before.
At Nagasaki city
大浦天主堂（oura-tensyudo) is the oldest western-style church in Japan.
The Shogunate issued "national isolation" in 1639. And it continued for about 200 years. During this 200 years 出島（Dejima-island)was only one window open to the world. Western knowledge came to Japan through this island. 出島 was artificial island at the tip of cape in Nagasaki and there was the trading house of Holland. Now the sea around Dejima-island has been reclaimed.
|No.3 warehouse in 出島, sugar etc, import |
In 1854,national isolation was over and Nagasaki port was open.
グラバー邸（Glover Garden）, Thomas Blake Glover came from Scotland built his house on the south hill top in Nagasaki city in 1863. Many traders like Glover came Nagasaki,too. Their western-style houses are still remained. They have a nice atmosphere for walking course.
Glover set up a beer company called Japan Brewery Company and made label on beer bottle. It's a label of キリンビール(kirin-beer) of the first generation. It was designed by taking after a stone guardian dogs.
The statue of Puccini who composed the opera " Madam Butterfly" and the statue of 三浦環（Miura-Tamaki)who played madam Butterfly and became famous were standing in the Garden. From around here , madam Butterfly could have seen well the ship of Pinkerton coming Nagasaki Port, I wonder. This is my fantasy. But I realized there were many stories including tragedy in such a bright place, Nagasaki.
Glover stand ed for the Satuma-Clan or the Chosyu-Clan and sold arms to them or made some of them smuggle to England. Actually Glover's house had a room to hide persons who oppose the shogunate.
In those days, Nagasaki was filled with excitement people who dream japan's new dawn.
The foreign traders, many samurais who were filled with ambition of overthrowing the Tokugawa shogunate,and many young men who want to learn western knowledge came to Nagasaki.
坂本竜馬(Sakamoto Ryoma) was also one of those samurais.
After learning swordplay or gunnery, he started the political movement. After learning the technical of navigation, he organized 亀山社中（kameyama-shacyu) in Nagasaki. This was the first firm in Japan and fixed arms or vessels up the Choshu- Clan that was against the Tokugawa shogunate.
He helped over the Restoration of Imperial Rule but he was assassinated at Omiya in Kyoto in 1865.
The houses in Nagasaki city expand to the top of the mountain. Office building of 亀山社中 was also standing among houses on the hill . It's very hard for me to climb the narrow steep slope to visit there.
I thought why did 竜馬 chose such high place as the spot for the firm and it's too inconvenient to visit for members. According to the guide, That's because they had to act secretly from the shogunate and they could watch well the Nagasaki branch of the shogunate or the Nagasaki port from here.
|The entrance of Kameyama-Shacyu|
|I heard 竜馬loved a leather boots or navigation. Houses expand to the mountain. |
So Nagasaki has many slops.
The night view of Nagasaki became one of the new big three night view in the world. The others are Hong Kong and Monaco.
|Dutch- Slope |
The terraced paddy field in Nagasaki district